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Career Guidance

Subject selection and career paths 
Grade 9 is a crucial year for every South African learner to live. You need to begin worrying about career options in Grade 9. Your choice will also depend on what subjects are offered in your Grade 10 school. In order to find the correct choice of subjects in Grade 10, learners should know the career choice they wish to pursue after graduation.

In order to acquire a National Senior Certificate in Grade 12, students must have SEVEN subjects – four mandatory subjects and three selected at the end of Grade 9 for Grade 10 – 12.
The four mandatory subjects are two official languages (one Home Language and one First Additional Language), Mathematics or Mathematical Literacy and Life Orientation. Students must also select three optional subjects from a list of 25 accepted subjects. A total of two additional languages can be selected from all these.
In Grades 10 and 11, learners are permitted to change two of the optional subjects. In Grade 12, students are able to change one of the optional subjects.


Why is it necessary for learners to make educated choices about subjects?
The subject option at the end of Grade 9 will decide the field of study that students will pursue once they have completed school. In other words, if students may not choose the right combination of subjects, they will not be eligible to participate in some higher or higher education programmes. Therefore, when making this essential subject choice, learners should weigh their choices when they complete school and choose accordingly.
For certain career paths, a student may need to obtain a degree at a higher education institution or a diploma/certificate through a Technical Vocational Education and Training College or SETA. The first thing that students need to know is that, in order to apply for higher/technical vocational education and training, they must ensure that they have the correct subjects to meet minimum entry criteria for further education. Of course, in the case of a degree, diploma or certificate thesis, it is vital that the student chooses subjects that are relevant to the field that he/she intends to pursue and that they try to keep their options open, as their plans may shift as they continue.

How do students get advice on the choice of subjects and career options?
In January 2011, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) and the Departments of Higher Education and Basic Education introduced the NQF and Career Advice Service, which has a website, a career counselling service, guidance documents and a weekly radio show in collaboration with SABC Education, which is broadcast on nine provinces radio stations in multiple languages.

Completely trained Career Advisor offer career information, guidance and advice by telephone, as well as answering questions received by telephone, SMS, 'Please Call Me,' e-mail, Facebook and Twitter.
Call them at: 086 999 0123
SMS or give them a PLEASE CALL ME (they'll contact you back)on: 072 204 5056
Email them to: careerhelp@dhet.gov.za
Tweet them to: http://twitter.com/rsacareerhelp
Speak to them at: www.facebook.com/careerhelp
It does not have to be difficult to make decisions about your future. You should know what you want to do and what professions appeal to you. If you need some clarification, try a career quiz.

Further Grade 12 studies
Choosing the right subjects is just the first step towards entering a university, a technology university or a TVET college. In order to fulfill the entry criteria for that specific qualification, learners must also have certain standards of achievement. One way for universities to assess their level of achievement is through a point rating system, no matter what kind of tools universities use as entry criteria, the bottom line is that the better you perform in all your subjects, the more choices you have.
If you apply for further studies at a college, your Grade 11 subject marks will also be considered before you have completed the National Senior Certificate.

Subjects you choose when entering Grade 10 must be related to the field of study where you're interested as a potential profession. In addition, each path or field of study has its own set of entry criteria, which means that some subjects will have to meet at a certain level. Many credentials, for example, require you to do well in mathematics. But any course of study would require you to be at a certain level. Make sure you start working really hard on all your subjects from the start of the year.

University/University of Technology

If you'd like to go to university after you leave school, you will need to obtain at least an NSC with an achievement score of 4 or better in at least four subjects selected from the 20 credit NSC subjects mentioned below:
Physical Sciences, Agricultural Sciences, Accounting, History, Business Studies, Dramatic Arts, Economics, Geography, Consumer Studies, Information Technology, All Languages of SA, Life Science, Mathematics, Maths Literacy, , Engineering Graphics and Design, Music, and Visual Arts Religion Studies.

If you'd like to attend a University of Technology, you will have to obtain at least three or higher NSC credit scores in four of the NSC 20 specified credit subjects listed below:
Agricultural Sciences, Agricultural technology, Business Studies, Civil Technology, Computer Applications Technology, Agricultural Management Practices, Consumer Studies, Dance Studies, Dramatic Arts, Economics, Electrical Technology, Engineering Graphics and Design, Geography, History, Hospitality Studies, Information Technology, Life Sciences, Mechanical Technology, Accounting, Mathematics, Mathematical Literacy, Music, Physical Sciences, Religion studies, Tourism, Visual Arts, Languages (Please refer to the university website for their language specifications),


What kind of role should parents play?
Parents are encouraged to explore the different options with their child to ensure that sufficient subject choices are made.
Parents should help their children gather information on a range of occupations and the required subjects and NSC Grade 12 passes that they may need.
This is a very important choice that will have an impact on the future of the students, especially their career options.
Parents may help their children make decisions about the issue, based on what the child is interested in doing or what kind of career the child may consider.

Almost all forms of work need some kind of preparation. Further education and training Colleges and Universities require learners to have unique combinations of subjects for further study.
It is especially important for learners to find out if they need further study in mathematics or mathematics.
Parents may contact the SGB to order the school to gather information on further study options and careers from the District, Province or TVET Colleges and/or universities.

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